Eosinophilic esophagitis is a recognized chronic allergic/immune condition. A person with eosinophilic esophagitis will have inflammation of the esophagus. In eosinophilic esophagitis, a large number of white blood cells called eosinophils are found in the tissue of the esophagus.
Eosinophilic esophagitis is considered a chronic condition and cannot be outgrown. Symptoms of eosinophilic esophagitis vary with age. Infants and toddlers may refuse their food or are not growing properly. Children often have recurring abdominal pain, trouble swallowing or vomiting. Teenagers and adults may have difficulty swallowing. The esophagus can narrow to the point that food gets stuck or has difficulty going down. Food getting stuck in the esophagus is called a food impaction and is a medical emergency.
Currently, the only way to diagnose eosinophilic esophagitis is with an endoscopy and biopsy of the esophagus. An endoscopy is a medical procedure that allows your physician to see what is happening in your esophagus. During a biopsy, tissue samples will be collected and analyzed. Other diseases can result in eosinophils in the esophagus, such as acid reflux or other inflammatory conditions. Sometimes additional steps may be needed to confirm that you have eosinophilic esophagitis.
Treatments in eosinophilic esophagitis include diet-based treatments, medications, and sometimes endoscopic dilations.
We provide a comprehensive workup for suspected eosinophilic esophagitis and provide management for patients diagnosed with this condition.