Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is a type of esophageal carcinoma that can affect any part of the esophagus; it is usually located in the upper or middle third of the esophagus.
The exact cause is unknown; cigarette smoking and alcohol abuse are usually the principal risk factors.
A scope is used to examine your esophagus, called an endoscopy procedure. During the endoscopy, your physician passes a hollow tube that has a lens down into your throat and esophagus; this helps the physician examine your esophagus. A sample of tissue may be collected and sent to a lab to perform a biopsy.
If you are diagnosed with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, the stage of cancer will be determined by your physician, and treatment options will be discussed at this time.
What treatments you receive for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma are based on the types of cells involved in your cancer, your cancer’s stage, your overall health and your preferences for treatment.
Treatment options include: